Government Funding Available for Multifamily Conversions
In addition to assistance for landlords, local, state, and federal governments are rolling out proposals to support CRE developers and investors.
In New York, for example, the NY Daily News reports that Gov. Cuomo has drafted a bill to assist with converting hotels and office buildings into apartments. The bill specifies a contained area of New York City where this is permitted, and also limits the size of the buildings that can be converted (under 150 rooms).
Statewide, the Housing Our Neighbors with Dignity Act would allow New York state to purchase financially distressed hotels and commercial offices to convert into apartments and sell or lease to affordable housing nonprofits. These buildings would be focused on housing homeless and low-income tenants.
Nationally, these movements align with President Biden’s policy goals. Working families need affordable housing, and eliminating exclusionary zones and renovating offices and hotels helps meet that need.
Funds for these projects are readily available from both state and federal government. The question is: which commercial buildings make for the best conversions?
Multifamily Opportunities in Offices
Look hard enough, and you’ll find conflicting reports on the future of offices. Some say that Americans miss sharing office space with coworkers and desire in-person comradery. Others point out that large swaths of employees are prepared to quit if their companies require them to return to the office full-time.
Forbes says the office is dead. Business Wire contends that demand is rising. Who should commercial real estate investors trust?
Outside of office debates, most forecasters agree that remote work is here to stay. The pandemic accelerated a digital transformation in business that was already well underway pre-2020. As a result, we can safely assume that while the office may never completely go out of style, its era of highest demand may be over.
So, what do we do with the historic amount of vacant office space available now? Many investors and developers are turning their attention to an area of critical need: housing.
Most offices are located in housing-scarce cities, creating opportunity. After overcoming hurdles such as expense, real estate developers like John E. Akridge in D.C. are successfully converting office spaces and warehouses into apartments.
These conversions aren’t always easy. Office layouts and plumbing don’t naturally lend themselves to housing development. However, empty real estate isn’t good for anyone. With a need as great as the U.S.’s to house workers and even the homeless, policy-makers are stepping in to sway developers with generous bill drafts.
Still, for those interested in housing conversions, there may be an easier answer.
Hotel-to-Multifamily Conversions on the Rise
In contrast to offices, hotels easily lend themselves to housing conversion. For those concerned about expense, the signs here are promising.
In 2018, Los Angeles-based developer Repvblik bought a 400-room hotel in Branson, Mo. to convert into studios and 1-bedroom apartments. Three years later, the property is already approaching 50% occupancy in completed portions. A second property in Alabama has been recently acquired for a similar conversion, with promising outlook.
Crowdfunding marketplaces like Realty Mogul are seeing an increase in these kinds of transactions. Repvblik CEO Jilliene Helman describes hospitality-to-multifamily conversions as more affordable than office conversions and, at least in her company’s case, worth actively pursuing.
A hotel could, for example, be purchased for about $40,000 a unit and sold for $120,000 per unit. Since hotel layouts and plumbing are typically amenable to housing conversion, it’s a simple refurbish.
Overcoming Challenges in Multifamily Housing Conversions
In addition to expense, another question about conversions is whether enough workable properties exist to meet housing demand. Building suburban housing is bread-and-butter work for most housing contractors. Converting hotels and especially office buildings is an entirely different ball game.
Add in considerations like historical landmark limitations and the risk associated with less common work, and pricing can go up, bringing back expense concerns.
Investing in multifamily conversions of offices and hotels requires knowledgeable partners and informed decision-making. To ensure you’re making the best commercial real estate investment decisions for your goals, reach out to our financial experts at Pioneer Realty Capital today.